May 28, 2024
031023 2019 Howtoinstal28 - How to install patches for Storage Space Direct Cluster Servers without Downtime
Microsoft released Windows patches on the second Tuesday of every month. This procedure installs Microsoft Windows server patches for the production cluster servers without an outage.

Microsoft released Windows patches on the second Tuesday of every month. This procedure installs Microsoft Windows server patches for the production cluster servers without an outage.

1. Disable the Veeam Backup and Replica Jobs or backup jobs of the backup software.

2. Check access to IPMI, just in case you cannot access it after installing patches.

3. Put Cluster in Maintenance Mode if you configured the alert system.

4. Ensure that the is N-RAM Free Space. E.g. 256 GB of RAM must be lower than the total 240 GB of RAM in use of the cluster for failover failback.

5. To achieve the N-RAM Free Space, you can shut down non-critical workloads.

6. Verify the cluster Witness, Cluster Name Object, Cluster IP and Network.

7. Log in to the first node of the cluster and run the below command to ensure all physical disks have no errors.


Get-PhysicalDisk

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8. Run the below command to ensure all virtual disks have no errors.


Get-VirtualDisk

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9. Run the below command to ensure no storage job is running.


Get-StorageJob

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10. Run the below command to ensure all storage pools are healthy.


Get-StoragePool

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11. Run the services.msc, double-click Cluster Service and change the Startup type to Disabled. Please don’t stop the Cluster Service.

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12. Open the Failover Cluster Manager tool, expand the cluster and select Roles.

13. Live migration of the VMs from the first to the second cluster node.

031023 2019 Howtoinstal6 - How to install patches for Storage Space Direct Cluster Servers without Downtime

14. Expand the cluster name on the Failover Cluster Manager page and select Nodes.

15. Select and right-click the first node, select Pause and click Drain Roles. The VMs will live to migrate to another node if you don’t migrate them previously.

031023 2019 Howtoinstal7 - How to install patches for Storage Space Direct Cluster Servers without Downtime

16. Use the ping -t command to ensure VMs are working.

17. Use the ping -t command to ensure the cluster status.

18. The first cluster node will pause once live migration is completed.

19. Right-click the cluster name on the Failover Cluster Manager page and select More Actions.

20. Select Move Core Cluster Resources and click Select node to move the Cluster Core Resource to the other node.

031023 2019 Howtoinstal8 - How to install patches for Storage Space Direct Cluster Servers without Downtime

21. Expand the cluster name on the Failover Cluster Manager page, expand Storage and select Disks.

22. Right-click the Cluster Virtual Disk of the first cluster node, select Move and click Select node to move the Cluster CSV Ownership to the other node.

031023 2019 Howtoinstal9 - How to install patches for Storage Space Direct Cluster Servers without Downtime

23. Expand the cluster name on the Failover Cluster Manager page, expand Storage and select Pools.

24. Right-click the Cluster Pool of the first cluster node, select Move and click Select node to move the Cluster Pool Ownership to the other node.

031023 2019 Howtoinstal10 - How to install patches for Storage Space Direct Cluster Servers without Downtime

25. Open Windows Update on the first Cluster node, install windows patches and reboot the server if required.

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26. While Rebooting, go to the Console IPMI Screen and make sure everything is good on reboot.

27. Checking Pings status to ensure the cluster is still online.

28. Click Check for Updates to ensure installing all updates.

29. Open Event Views to ensure there is no error.

30. Run the services.msc, double-click the Cluster Service and change the Startup type from Disabled to Automatic.

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31. Click Start to start the Cluster Service.

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32. Open the Failover Cluster Manager tool.

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33. Expand the cluster name and select Nodes.

34. Ensure the first cluster node is at Paused status.

031023 2019 Howtoinstal15 - How to install patches for Storage Space Direct Cluster Servers without Downtime

35. Open PowerShell as Administrator and run the below command to check the storage job status.


Get-StorageJob

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36. Ensure all jobs are completed and no storage job is running.

031023 2019 Howtoinstal17 - How to install patches for Storage Space Direct Cluster Servers without Downtime

37. Run the below command to ensure cluster virtual disks are healthy and not degraded or detached.


Get-VirtualDisk

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38. Run the below command to ensure storage pools are healthy.


Get-StoragePool

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39. Expand the cluster name on the Failover Cluster Manager page and select Nodes.

40. Select and right-click the first node, select Resume and click Faile Roles Back.

031023 2019 Howtoinstal20 - How to install patches for Storage Space Direct Cluster Servers without Downtime

41. Check the status of the ping on the VMs. They should only drop 1 ping when moving back.

42. Select the cluster name on the Failover Cluster Manager page, and ensure the Cluster Name Object, Cluster IP, and Cluster Networks status are Online.

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43. Log in to the second node of the cluster and run the below command to ensure all physical disks have no errors.


Get-PhysicalDisk

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44. Run the below command to ensure all virtual disks have no errors.


Get-VirtualDisk

031023 2019 Howtoinstal23 - How to install patches for Storage Space Direct Cluster Servers without Downtime

45. Run the below command to ensure no storage job is running.


Get-StorageJob

031023 2019 Howtoinstal24 - How to install patches for Storage Space Direct Cluster Servers without Downtime

46. Run the below command to ensure all storage pools are healthy.


Get-StoragePool

031023 2019 Howtoinstal25 - How to install patches for Storage Space Direct Cluster Servers without Downtime

47. Run the services.msc, double-click Cluster Service and change the Startup type to Disabled. Please don’t stop the Cluster Service.

031023 2019 Howtoinstal26 - How to install patches for Storage Space Direct Cluster Servers without Downtime

48. Open the Failover Cluster Manager tool, expand the cluster and select Roles.

49. Live migration of the VMs from the second to another cluster node.

031023 2019 Howtoinstal27 - How to install patches for Storage Space Direct Cluster Servers without Downtime

50. Expand the cluster name on the Failover Cluster Manager page and select Nodes.

51. Select and right-click the second node, select Pause and click Drain Roles. The VMs will live to migrate to another node if you don’t migrate them previously.

031023 2019 Howtoinstal28 - How to install patches for Storage Space Direct Cluster Servers without Downtime

52. Use the ping -t command to ensure VMs are working.

53. Use the ping -t command to ensure cluster status.

54. The second cluster node will pause once live migration is completed.

031023 2019 Howtoinstal29 - How to install patches for Storage Space Direct Cluster Servers without Downtime

55. Right-click the cluster name on the Failover Cluster Manager page and select More Actions.

56. Select Move Core Cluster Resources and click Select node to move the Cluster Core Resource to another node.

031023 2019 Howtoinstal30 - How to install patches for Storage Space Direct Cluster Servers without Downtime

57. Expand the cluster name on the Failover Cluster Manager page, expand Storage and select Disks.

58. Right-click the Cluster Virtual Disk of the second cluster node, select Move and click Select node to move the Cluster CSV Ownership to another node.

031023 2019 Howtoinstal31 - How to install patches for Storage Space Direct Cluster Servers without Downtime

59. Expand the cluster name on the Failover Cluster Manager page, expand Storage and select Pools.

60. Right-click the Cluster Pool of the second cluster node, select Move and click Select node to move the Cluster Pool Ownership to another node.

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61. Open Windows Update on the second Cluster node, install windows patches and reboot the server if required.

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62. While Rebooting, go to the Console IPMI Screen and make sure everything is good on reboot.

63. Checking Pings status to ensure the cluster is still online.

031023 2019 Howtoinstal34 - How to install patches for Storage Space Direct Cluster Servers without Downtime

64. Click Check for Updates to ensure installing all updates after reboot.

65. Open Event Views to ensure there is no error.

66. Run the services.msc, double-click the Cluster Service and change the Startup type from Disabled to Automatic.

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67. Click Start to start the Cluster Service.

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68. Open the Failover Cluster Manager tool.

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69. Expand the cluster name and select Nodes.

70. Ensure the second cluster node is at Paused status.

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71. Open PowerShell as Administrator and run the below command to check the storage job status.


Get-StorageJob

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72. Ensure all jobs are completed and no storage job is running.

031023 2019 Howtoinstal40 - How to install patches for Storage Space Direct Cluster Servers without Downtime

73. Run the below command to ensure cluster virtual disks are healthy and not degraded or detached.


Get-VirtualDisk

031023 2019 Howtoinstal41 - How to install patches for Storage Space Direct Cluster Servers without Downtime

374. Run the below command to ensure storage pools are healthy.


Get-StoragePool

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75. Expand the cluster name on the Failover Cluster Manager page and select Nodes.

76. Select and right-click the first node, select Resume and click Faile Roles Back.

031023 2019 Howtoinstal43 - How to install patches for Storage Space Direct Cluster Servers without Downtime

78. Check the status of the ping on the VMs. They should only drop 1 ping when moving back.

79. Select the cluster name on the Failover Cluster Manager page, and ensure the Cluster Name Object, Cluster IP, and Cluster Networks status are Online.

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80. Move out the cluster maintenance mode from the alert system.

81. Enable all Backup jobs.

I hope you enjoy this post.

Cary Sun

Twitter: @SifuSun

Web Site: carysun.com

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ca16fbd3199de5f66b829b87082fb970?s=80&d=retro&r=g - How to install patches for Storage Space Direct Cluster Servers without Downtime

Author: Cary Sun

Cary Sun has a wealth of knowledge and expertise in data center and deployment solutions. As a Principal Consultant, he likely works closely with clients to help them design, implement, and manage their data center infrastructure and deployment strategies.
With his background in data center solutions, Cary Sun may have experience in server and storage virtualization, network design and optimization, backup and disaster recovery planning, and security and compliance management. He holds CISCO CERTIFIED INTERNETWORK EXPERT (CCIE No.4531) from 1999. Cary is also a Microsoft Most Valuable Professional (MVP), Microsoft Azure MVP, Veeam Vanguard and Cisco Champion. He is a published author with several titles, including blogs on Checkyourlogs.net, and the author of many books.
Cary is a very active blogger at checkyourlogs.net and is permanently available online for questions from the community. His passion for technology is contagious, improving everyone around him at what they do.

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